Microsoft Excel Definition for Sheets

Microsoft Excel creates workbook data files that contain three worksheets by default.

A sheet is a short name for a single worksheet or spreadsheet in a Microsoft Excel workbook. The worksheet is a table or grid composed of rows and columns that make it convenient to enter, organize, calculate and consolidate data. Although VisiCalc and Lotus 123 introduced the concept of spreadsheets or worksheets on personal computers, Excel provided a graphical interface to layer and link multiple sheets using a mouse in a windowed environment (also you can try use other services like Excel Assignment Help).

Creating Worksheets

You can set the number of worksheets that a workbook will generate by default by navigating to the “Tools->Options->General” menus. The number of individual worksheets that you can add to your workbook file is only constrained by your computer’s memory. You can add individual worksheets by right-clicking on an existing worksheet tab and selecting “Insert.” You also have options to delete, move, rename and copy existing sheets using this menu.

Entering Worksheet Data

Click the cell that you wish to enter data into and begin typing. You can enter text, numbers, formulas and images into cells. You can format the data in cells by clicking options on the tool bar at the top of your screen, the “Format->Cells” menu, or by right-clicking the cell and selecting a format option. Font, size, color and justification are examples of the formats applicable to worksheet cell data.

Navigating Worksheets

Click the tabs in the bottom border of your screen to move between individual worksheets. You can group individual sheets together by holding the control key and clicking the individual sheet tabs with your mouse. Grouping individual sheets allows you to edit and update related information quickly and accurately. You can also format and print grouped sheets quickly and conveniently.

Consolidating Worksheets

Consolidate data between multiple worksheets using the “Consolidation” option from the “Data” menu. You can have a separate worksheet of expenses for each month of the year and consolidate the 12 separate sheets into a single annual expense sheet using this option. Changes to expenses on any of the monthly sheets will update the annual consolidation sheet automatically. A consolidated worksheet can reside within the same workbook as the dependent worksheets or stand alone in a separate workbook file.

Worksheet Benefits

Excel worksheets allow you to create, import, analyze and report on large amounts of data quickly and accurately. Microsoft Office Excel 2007 supports individual worksheets up to 1 million rows by 16,000 columns featuring a range of arithmetic, statistical, financial and engineering functions. Worksheets also support charts and graphics that enable analysis, communication and collaboration of diverse data sets.

Three Project Based Learning Resources

Project Based Learning (PBL) provides opportunities for students to collaborate as they solve challenging problems. This problem solving strategy is guided by open-ended questions which drive student lead investigative processes. Student groups research the problem, collect data, and draw conclusions based on their findings.

An example of a complicated PBL is assigning student groups to visit ten stations around the classroom. At each station there are different items. The challenge is to determine the socio-economical forces that drove those products into being made. Additional PBL learning activities include examples in science and math.

PBL is a comprehensive learning strategy which involves academic learning and building problems solving skills. One advantage of PBL is students learn that real life problems are not solved in less than thirty minutes and real problem solving requires research. An additional advantage is that students collaborate as they discuss, question, and complete tasks – the foundation of critical thinking.

Online Project Based Learning Resources

The following online resources require registration; however, they are free for educators and students.

Merlot – has sections which lead to student collaboration in thematic units with other content areas. There are thousands of well developed units covering the scope of core concepts in all content areas. This resource also offers opportunities for teachers to share advice and expertise with other colleagues.

Merlot assists in posing PBL investigations for students, along with providing online resources for student research. This is a leading edge online resource which is continually updated through interaction with educators and students from around the world.

Intel – provides a comprehensive resource for teachers to design effective PBL projects. This online resource goes into detail regarding how to invoke metacognition opportunities in projects. Another unique insight which Intel provides is the lens that students view through when completing PBL work.

Intel provides over 350 classroom PBL projects covering all content areas and all grade levels. The PBL resources on this website do not follow a cookie cutter approach, which permits adaptation to most classroom situations. Teachers will also find research-based resources regarding how PBL learning takes place, how to schedule PBL work, performance-based assessments, and encouraging student learning through critical thinking

Technology Enhanced Learning in Science (TELS) – brings middle school and high school teachers together with college educators to improve science teaching and learning. This online resource is primarily focused on math and science through simulations, research, opportunities to collect data, reading and comprehension, interactive graphs, data displays, and online chats with other students and educators.

TELS supports web-based scientific inquiry as students use web-based resources to solve a problem. One example is an ecology unit on wolves. Students research the problem from both the wolves’ and farmers’ perspectives as students develop food webs, research habitat conditions, environmental conditions, and finally presenting their findings to elected officials.

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Making Connections with Problem Based Learning

Project based learning is a dynamic approach to teaching in which students explore real-world problems and challenges. Students develop problem solving and critical thinking skills, while working in collaborative groups to solve complex problems.

Because project based learning is filled with active and engaged learning, it inspires students to obtain a deeper knowledge of subjects they are studying. When using PBL, students are more likely to retain the knowledge gained more readily than through traditional textbook-centered learning. In addition, students develop confidence and self-direction as they learn to think and solve.

Excel Accounting Tutorial

Microsoft Excel is often used in accounting. ExcelHomework provides you with the tools you need to perform basic and advanced calculations. You can keep ledgers, manage finances, import and export data from other applications, and create charts to summarize accounts. Templates and functions are available to help make the accounting process easier.

Excel Basics

Learn Excel basics before adding templates or calculations. Data are stored in rows and columns, with each piece of data being stored in a cell. When you refer to a specific cell, use a cell reference in the form of the column letter and row number, such as A5. Format your spreadsheet and text by using the “Format” menu and “Formatting” toolbar.

Create pivot charts and tables to summarize data. Graphs and charts can also be created. Go to “Data” and select “PivotTable and PivotChart Report” to create pivot charts and tables. Follow the wizard to set up your chart. Drag and drop fields into the blank chart. Right-click a field to change calculation and summary options. Create graphs and charts by going to “Insert” and selecting “Chart.” Follow the chart wizard steps to create a chart.

Basic Calculations

Perform basic calculations such as average, sum, minimum, maximum and count on rows and columns of data. Place your cursor in an empty cell. Press the drop-down arrow beside the auto sum button on the standard toolbar. The button looks like a Greek E. Select your calculation. Highlight the cells you wish to include in the calculation. The result appears in the empty cell.

Templates

Use templates from Microsoft for most accounting functions. Access templates one of two ways. First, go to “Help” and select “Microsoft Excel Help.” Type “accounting templates” into the search box or the type of template you wish to view, such as ledger or invoice. Press “Enter” to view results. Click on any template to view a sample and download.

Templates provide you with a base setup which you can change as you see fit. Using templates saves you time from setting up a spreadsheet from scratch. View all available templates from Microsoft by going to the website listed in the Resources section. Additional templates may also be available from various non-Microsoft affiliated Excel websites.

Financial Functions

Use financial functions instead of basic calculations when using Excel for accounting. Click an empty cell for the function to be placed in. If you already know your function, type “=” to begin the function and type your function along with arguments next.

If you don’t know your function, press the “Insert Function” button under the standard toolbar. The button looks like “fx.” Select “Financial” from the drop-down menu. Click a function to view information about it. Press “OK” for a function template, or press “Help on this function” for a detailed description of how to use the function.

Will iBooks Author Create A Wave of Self-Published Teachers?

As with anything Apple, the recent education-themed announcement has everyone dreaming of a better future for the children, and all that. The question you keep reading is “will e-textbooks change the face of education?”, just like people asked about the iPad when it first came out. And while I’m very impressed by the design of the new textbooks available on iBooks 2, and I love the fact that they include touchable animations and videos to supplement text, the books themselves don’t seem revolutionary. They are evolutionary, certainly – they are digitized, enhanced versions of learning materials we’ve been using for decades. They are very engaging, at least some of them are. I get it. They are cheap, too. Great. Up-to-date, portable, and I’m able to take notes and quiz myself. Perfect. Thank you, Apple. Really, thank you.

But a better textbook doesn’t herald a new form of education. The sample chapters from McGraw-Hill and Pearson were just textbooks, with some fancy-looking animations. E.O. Wilson’s “Life on Earth” is really good, but it is sort of a self-promotion packaged as a book: the end of chapter 2, titled “Project Based Learning”, is just a short description of what will appear in the book as projects, rather than an actual project for students to complete. Whatever, there is a timeline for all of this, I understand.

What really interests me is iBooks Author. Fiddling around with it, it feels like a version of Pages built for the iPad screen, with organizational tools that fit the paradigm of “Book”: chapters, sub-chapters, title pages, etc. There are built-in ways to include multimedia components, like little comprehension self-quizzes and image galleries. If you are handy with a tool such as Hype, you can easily put your HTML5 animations into a book. It’s a great package of components for the budding book publisher.

But it struck me – why not create course materials with this? As a teacher, why shouldn’t I just craft my course documents and all the rest, package it up, and distribute it to my students? Well, there are several reasons iBooks Author isn’t ready for this.

No copy-paste. Actually, there is a version of copy-paste. Select some text, un-highlight it, “Search” for the text, then copy it from the search bar. But this is not true copy-paste, and so iBooks will be useless for students who want to paste notes into other apps like Noteshelf or Evernote. That is a true short-coming. I understand the need to protect the content of reference materials, but there should a small fair-use maximum word count that can be copied.

Note-taking is not robust enough. I mean, this is a touch-screen deviceMade by Apple, the company that created iBooks. Why oh why haven’t they included the ability to mark the page itself, like with a stylus? Is it because Steve Jobs hated styluses? Well, he was wrong about that. He really was. I’m running two iPad pilot programs with high school students, and they need the stylus for effective creative and scholarly tasks. You just need it. Sorry, Steve. And iBooks, if it had an awesome handwriting engine like Noteshelf, would be the killer education app. It’s not the case.

No print, or open in: If I wrote a book and wanted to include a worksheet for a teacher to use with her class, she would be unable to print the worksheet, copy the text, or open the file in some other app that would accommodate her desire to save one page. In that sense it’s no good for collecting lesson plans or anything people might use – it will only be useful for materials people might read. I guess you could include the worksheet as an image in the book, have the reader open the image in full screen view, and then screenshot the worksheet, and paste it into Pages or Noteshelf or something like that. Pretty cumbersome.

I hate to hate on Apple products, because this is an exciting development for schools who want to cut down on textbook costs, who want to increase engagement with their students, and all that. We want the same thing where I work, which is why we’re running 1:1 iPad pilots in the first place. I guess I kind of expected more from iBooks Author.

But lo, there is a tool for the Mac that makes iPad-friendly books, allows you to print and share individual pages of a book, and allows for handwritten notes. It doesn’t, like iBooks, allow the author to update all the readers with a newly edited copy, but copy-paste will work just fine. It’s called Pages. For the teacher who self-publishes, Pages is the better, more flexible tool for now.